(1) Name: Benjamin EDWARDS
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Birth: 1778 DE
Death: about 1856 Nicholas County, Kentucky Age: 78
Father: Senator John EDWARDS (1748-1833)
Mother: Susanna WROE (1748-1833)

Misc. Notes
1/17/00
Benjamin is listed on the tax rolls of Bourbon county, Kentucky in 1800 and 1810 and appears on the Nicholas county, Kentucky census in 1820, 1830, 1840 and 1850.

Elizabeth's name does not appear on the 1850 Nicholas county, Kentucky census with her husband who was living with his son Samuel G in the household of his son-in-law, John I Morgan, at the time the census was recorded. In 1840, Benjamin lists one slave and one free black in his household and the prior 1830 census lists no females in Elizabeth's age category. The 1820 Nicholas county census reports a female over the age of 45, which is presumed to be Elizabeth. Nicholas County, Kentucky -Will Book F, page 195, includes an inventory of the estate of Benjamin Edwards, dated 17 January 1857 and Deed Book T, page 94, records a 22 March 1858 deed from the county commissioners representing the heirs of Benjamin Edwards, deceased, to William Miller for a tract of land in Nicholas county on the waters of Brushy fork.


Spouses
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1: Elizabeth RULE
Birth: 1775 Pennsylvania
Death: before 1830 Nicholas County, Kentucky Age: 55
Father: Samuel RULE (~1739-1790)
Mother: Sarah ROBINSON (~1740-1804)
Marriage: January 11, 1800 Bourbon County, Kentucky
Children: Jemima C. (1805-1877)
Elizabeth R. (1812-)
Mary A. (1813-)
Samuel G. (1818-)
Catherine (1825-)
Benjamin Frank
Unk




(2) Name: George EDWARDS
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Birth: May 6, 1762 Virginia
Death: August 30, 1835 Bourbon County, Kentucky Age: 73
Father: Hayden EDWARDS (1715-1803)
Mother: Penelope SANFORD (1723-1809)

Misc. Notes
Notes for GEORGE EDWARDS: [1]
This George was referred to as the 'seaman' because he served in that capacity under Capt. Swan and Col. Lynn of Virginia for 3 months; for two months under Stephen English and Ben Logan; under George Rogers Clark in Louisville in 1782; under Abraham Mounts and Col Ben Logan in August 1782; was with George Rogers Clark agains the Shawnees in Sciota.

BOURBON COUNTY WILL BOOK K, p. 78:
I, George Edwards being in a very low condition as to health but by the favor of God in the enjoyment of a sound mind and disposing memory do make and publish this writing as my last will and testament - I wish all my just debt to be paid. It is my will that the property which I have heretofore given to those my children who are married and left me shall not be taken into consideration in settling the interest of my devisees under this my will but they are to have the same over and above what I now devise to them.. I give and bequeath to my daughter, Sarah Ann Edwards, one negro woman named Caroline and the children of Caroline, towit, Suckey, Charlotte, Tabetha and Dilsey, also three bedsteads, beds and furniture also three cows and calves, also a horse and one hundred dollars. It is my will that all the remainder of my property land negroes and personalty of every description be kept together under the management of my two executors herein after named so long as my wife Elizabeth Edwards shall live and that the neat proceeds of the same be regularly paid over by my Executors to my wife Elizabeth provided however my wife Elizabeth can make an arrangement with my children which shall be satisfactory to her which I now give her the power to do. It is my wish that the land negroes, personalty to be kept together and managed by my Executors-be sold in the most suitable manner and the proceeds of the sale or sales to be equally divided among my children first deducting from the amount whatever under the arrangement is to be given to my said wife Elizabeth. In the meantime so long as my wife shall receive the proceeds of said property and the same shall be kept together as aforesaid by my Executors - it is my will that my daughter Sarah Ann if she remains unmarried shall live with my wife and be supported by her so long as she shall live with her- If no arrangement can be made between my wife and children so that the property aforesaid, my land negroes and personalty has to be kept together as aforesaid by my Executors it is my will that at my wife's death the same be sold by my Executors in the most suitable manner and the proceeds of the sale or sales to be equally divided among my children- share and share alike- I hereby give to my Executors or to the survivor of them the power to convey by general warrantee deed any land or lands which they may make sale of under the desposition of this will - I do hereby appoint my son-in-law George A. Smith and Joseph Morin Executors to this my last will and testament- In witness thereof I hereto set my hand and affix my seal this eighteenth day of August 1835 in the presence of us.

I add the following clause before I sign my name. If no arrangement between my wife and children as aforesaid- It is my will that my wife shall have the privilege of takin her thirds of said land negroes and personalty according to law at any time she may choose and the rest and residue of the same I wish to be sold by my Executors and divided equally among my children share and share alike then at death of my wife I wish whatever she gets as her thirds be sold as aforesaid and divided in the same manner.

George Edwards

George Williams

William Stamps

At a court held for the County of Bourbon, State of Kentucky, on the seventh day of September 1835 this last will and testament of George Edwards deceased was proved in open court by the oath of George W. Williams and William Stamps the attesting witnesses and being sworn to by George A. Smith and Joseph Morin the Executors is ordered to record witness Thomas P. Smith, Clerk of the said Court the date above.

Thomas P. Smith Clerk


Spouses
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1: Betsie MONROE
Birth: 1770
Death: September 22, 1850 Age: 80
Father: James MONROE

Misc. Notes
Notes for ELIZABETH "BETSEY" MONROE: [1]

Cousin of President James Monroe

WESTERN CITIZEN newspaper, Bourbon County, Ky. dated October 4, 1850

"Edwards, Mrs. Elizabeth...On the 22d of Sept at the residence of her son-in-law George A. Smith, in the 80th year of her age."

Children: Sophia (1793-1883)
William (1789-)
Polly (1791-)
Sarah Ann (~1812-1847)
Penelope
George
Susan
Monroe
Elizabeth M. (1795-1859)


Sources
1. Kay Withers, September 26, 1999, kwithers@kih.net.




(3) Name: Hayden EDWARDS
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Birth: March 15, 1715-1716 Northumberland County, Virginia
Death: July 13, 1803 Bourbon County, Kentucky Age: 88
Father: William EDWARDS (1687-1746)
Mother: Mary Nicholson HADEN

Misc. Notes
Notes for HADEN(HAYDEN) EDWARDS: [1]
The birth of Hayden Edwards is recorded in the St. Paul's parish register of Stafford County, Va. As 15 March 1715/16 and his baptismal as 15 April 1716 by the Rev. David Stuart, minister of that parish. St. Paul's church is yet standing; due to an alteration in the county lines in 1777 this parish became a part of lower King George County and adjoins Westmoreland County so even though Hayden's birth is recorded in this parish there is confusion as to where he was actually born.

Hayden and his wife and family moved to Bourbon County, Kentucky from Virginia to claim the vast amounts of land issued by patent from Virginia.

From George Harrison Sanford King the following: "about the year 1785 Haden Edwards and family moved to Bourbon County, Kentucky, and settled about four miles from Paris, where he took up a large amount of land. The records of Cooper's Run Baptist church (reference: register, vol. 22, pages 258-259) show Haden Edwards to have been a member of that church as well as his wife Penelope Edwards, who was admitted by letter in 1796 from Chopowamsie, Va. This is a section of Virginia lying in Stafford and Prince William Counties; Chopawasmie Creek dividing the two counties on the south.

Haden Edwards died in Bourbon County, Kentucky, at the age of 87 years, July 13, 1803 and was buried on his farm near Paris, Ky. "

Hayden Edwards was a merchant and lawyer, and he served several times in the Virginia legislature and filled many official positions with ability.

After Hayden's death Penelope moved to Logan County, Ky.

Will [ Abstract] From Will Book B, Pg. 201 , Bourbon County, Ky. Dated 19 Nov. 1801 and Proved 15 August 1803

"To wife, Penelope, negroes and one half of all raised on plantation for her use, four horses, two cow and calves, two feather beds and furniture, "my desk". Corner cupboard and sixty acres with house and outhouses whereon she lives and all moneys after legatees have received 65 pounds each; to son, Benjamin; daughter Penelope Pope; son Sanford Edwards; daughter Nancy Williams; lands in Jefferson County by patents, 1800 acres equally divided between son, George Edwards and daughter Penelope Pope, Nancy Williams, Betsy Chanulor and granddaughter Penelope Edwards 65 pounds each in money now in hands of son , John Edwards; at my death my still and movable estate to be sold and money divided; daughter Nancy Williams to have two pounds more than others at the death of wife negroes to be divided between son , John and son, George, and daughter Betsy Chanulor and granddaughter Penelope Edwards, at death of self and wife , negro Anthony to be freed. Son, John, in debt to estate. Extrs: wife, Penelope, Roger Williams and son , George Edwards.

Written November 10, 1801---Recorded August Court 1803

Witnesses :Reubin Field, Williams Stamps, Zely Reno.

Will Book B, Pg 201, Bourbon County Courthouse, Paris, Ky.

EDWARDS, HADEN-Will Book B, page 201-Wife, Penelope; sons, Benjamin, Sandford, George, John; daughters, Penelope Pope, Nancy Williams, Betsy Chanulor; granddaughter, Penelope Edwards, lands in Henderson County. Roger Williams, an extr. Nov. 10, 1802. August, 1803. Reuben Field, Wm. Stamps, and Zely Reno, witnesses. [2]


Spouses
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1: Penelope SANFORD
Birth: 1723 England
Death: 1809 Logan County, Kentucky Age: 86
Father: Humphrey SANFORD
Mother: Elizabeth JONES

Misc. Notes
Notes for PENELOPE SANFORD: [1]

Penelope Edwards-Will Abstract- Logan County, Ky. Will Book I, Pg 110.

"Widow and relict of Haden Edwards Sr." To "my little grandchildren, Polly and Minerva Edwards, daughters of my grandson, Amos Edwards, when they marry"; grandsons, John pl Oldham and Presley Edwards, executors.

Written October 30, 1808

Probated May 15, 1809

Witnesses: Presley Edwards, George Brown, George Berry

Letter from Mrs. Penelope E. Crouch. St. Augustine, Texas, Dec. 15, 1884

"Dear Cousin,

Yours of the 8th inst, has been received, together with the engraving of your father, both of which are greatly appreciated. I will now write you a history of our branch of the Edwards family, as far as I know. I descended from Hayden Edwards, who married a Miss Penelope Sanford, who emigrated from England to America before the Revolutionary War, with a brother and some other young men, Mrs. Penelope Edwards being the only lady on board of the vessel. The brother settled in one of the northern states. Hayden and Penelope settled in Virginia."

Family tradition says that Penelope's wedding gown has been passed down to girls in the family with the name of Penelope and in 1997 seems to be in San Augustine, Texas. There are those who feel this story has been greatly romanticized.

" The wedding dress of Penelope Sanford Edwards is still in existence, and in the possession of her descendants, Mrs. Penelope Edwards Crouch of San Antonio, Texas, and a near relative of hers who also resides in Texas. Mrs. Charles A. Browne of Washington, D.C. A descendant of Penelope Sanford Edwards, through her son, Senator John Edwards of Kentucky, called on Mrs. Crouch in the autumn of 1931 and Mrs. Crouch told her that the dress was not new when Penelope Sanford was married in it, now about 200 years ago, but was inherited by her. She too, stated that Penelope Sanford was of blood relation to her husband, Haden Edwards. In regard to the dress Mrs. Crouch wrote some years ago in the "Houston Texas Post": " I never saw any goods like the old dress. It still has great stiffness. It is woven so that the right side is a solid white, with tiny rosebuds interspersed as though they had been put there by hand. The wrong side is a solid bright green. The laces have long since fallen off; some of the remnants I still possess".

From Notes of George Harrison Sanford King.

From the book The Thomas Family by a Mr. Thomas of Dallas this description of the Gown.

"HIS BRIDE, WHO STARTED THE SUCCESSION OF GIRLS BY THE NAME OF PENELOPE, WORE AT HER WEDDING A COSTLY GOWN THAT HAS SINCE BEEN HANDED DOWN TO SUCCESSIVE GENERATIONS OF DESCENDANTS NAMED PENELOPE.

THE GOWN WAS MADE OF HEAVY PALE GREEN MATERIAL, ELABORATELY TRIMMED WITH THE FINEST LACE AND SPARKLING JEWELS. AFTER HER MARRIAGE, ACCORDING TO FAMILY TRADITION, SHE APPEARED BEFORE THE COURTS OF EUROPE IN HER "GEORGEOUS TROUSEAR". THE FIRST PENELOPE REQUESTED THAT THE GOWN SHOULD BE HANDED DOWN TO THOSE WHO WOULD BEAR HER NAME AND THAT EACH SHOULD MARRY IN IT, OR WEAR IT ONCE. WE DO NOT KNOW ON WHAT OCCASION PENELOPE EDWARDS THOMAS WORE THE DRESS; UNDOUBTEDLY IT WAS NOT FOR HER MARRIAGE. SHE GAVE THE DRESS TO HER DAUGHTER, PENELOPE THOMAS COUCH, WHO IN TURN GAVE IT TO HER GRANDDAUGHTER, AZALEA PENELOPE SMITH DOWNS. IT IS STILL IN THE POSSESSION OF THE FAMILY AND IS OCCASIONALLY ON DISPLAY AT THE CULLEN HOUSE MUSEUM IN SAN AUGUSTINE, TX."

Marriage: 1747
Children: Sanford (1742-1815)
John (1748-1833)
Penelope (1750-)
Benjamin (1752-1826)
George (1762-1835)
Nancy (~1756-)
Elizabeth (1760-1840)
Mary (1758-<1801)


Sources
1. Kay Withers, September 26, 1999, kwithers@kih.net.
2. Kentucky Records, Volume II, BOURBON COUNTY, Abstracts by Jane Clay Kenney, WILLS FROM BOOKS A, B, C, AND D, p. 13.




(4) Name: Senator John EDWARDS
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Birth: 1748 Stafford County, Virginia
Death: 1833 Cape Girardeau, Missouri Age: 85
Father: Hayden EDWARDS (1715-1803)
Mother: Penelope SANFORD (1723-1809)

Misc. Notes
Notes for John Edwards,Sr. [1]

First clerk of Bourbon County court. One of the first U.S. senators from Kentucky.

As early as 1781 in the first order book of Lincoln County, Kentucky, John was recommended as one of the commissioners of the peace of that county. Under date of may court, 1783, Lincoln County, is recorded the following: "be it ordered that the following persons be recommended to his excellency the governor of Virginia to be appointed officers of the militia of this county, to wit: John Logan, esq. Colonel of 1st battalion, John Edwards, esq., Lt Colonel, and George Adams as mayor.

The National Encyclopedia of American Biography contains the following; "John Edwards in 1780 removed to that portion of Virginia which was shortly afterwards formed into the State of Kentucky. He represented Fayette county in the Kentucky legislature in 1781, '82.'83, '85, in the last year being one of the commissioners who selected Frankfort as the seat of government. He was a delegate at the conventions of 1785, 1787, And 1788, and assisted in settling the boundary of the state and in forming its constitution, and in 1792 was elected to the convention which ratified the federal constitution. He was the first United Stated States Senator from Kentucky 1792 to 1795. In the latter year he was again elected to the State Legislature and continued to serve in that body from 1796 to 1800 when he retired to private life."

He had stores in Paris and Washington, Kentucky as well as numerous farms to occupy his time. At Westwood there were vast orchards and vineyards. He was one of few who produced a wine in central Kentucky. He also operated several grist mills.

Between the years beginning with April 4, 1803 until August 22, 1807 John was a master mason in the Abraham Lodge no. 8 f & AM in Louisville. There is no evidence that he ever held an office. [info from the rosters of members]

Sometime before 1800, Edwards left the family home and took up residence at Duncan Tavern in Paris for reasons . Later he was sued for not paying his bill there.

In March 1800 Colonel John Edwards made a deed of trust to his wife and children, and seems to have left Bourbon County, and it is probable that he died in Missouri. (note Mo. Will included) His first home after Bourbon County was in Washington, Kentucky which was the county seat of Mason county. He operated a store near Simon Kenton and had mills in the county as well. He also owned property across the Ohio river in Adams County. He later moved to Scioto County, Ohio then to Greenup county, Kentucky before finally settling Cape Girardeau, Missouri.

Deed Book E. Pg. 373-- Indenture Made This Twenty-Ninth Day Of March Year 1800 Between John Edwards, Esquire, Of The County Of Bourbon, State Of Kentucky Of The First Part, Amos Edwards, John Edwards,Jr. And James Hutchison Of County And State Aforesaid Of Second Part, Susannah Edwards, Wife Of Said John Edwards, Esquire, Of The Third Part, And Susannah Reeder, Widow, Polly Edwards, Nancy Edwards, Gustavus Erixon Edwards And Benjamin Edwards, Children Of The Said John Edwards , Esquire And Wife Susannah Of The Fourth Part, Witnesseth That In Consideration Of The Sum Of Five Shillings Lawful Money Of The State Of Kentucky Paid By Said Amos Edwards, John Edwards,Jr. And James Hutchinson, And Consideration Of Love And Affection Which The Said John Edwards Hath For The Said Susannah And Others Named And For The Support And Separate Maintenance Of Said Susannah And Said Children And For Settling And Assuring The Lands, Tenements And Negroes Herein Named Unto Uses Declared, He The Said John Edwards, Esquire Grants And Confirms Unto The Said Amos Edwards, John Edwards,Jr. And James Hutchison All That Tract Called 'Westwood' Lying In Bourbon, Along With The Negroes, Said Susannah During Her Life To Receive Rents And Profits And Product Of The Labour Of Said Negroes For Her Support And Support And Education Of Her Children, And After Her Death Then To Susannah Reeder, Polly Edwards, Nancy Edwards, Gustavus Erixon Edwards And Benjamin Edwards, Property To Remain For Purpose Aforesaid Upon The Trusts Aforesaid.

Signed:

John Edwards, Jr.

Amos Edwards

John Edwards

James Hutchison

Wt: Asa Beall, Jane Beall, Penelope Ashmore, Hanna Mecra, Jesse Williams

Hrs. Of John Edwards,Sr. Deed- Deed Bk. 33, Pg.72- Dated Aug 14, 1834. Whereas John Edwards, Sr, By Deed Dated March 28th 1800 Conveyed To Amos Edwards, John Edwards,Jr. And James Hutchison A Tract Called Westwood Containing 400 Acres Located On Coopers Run In Bourbon County, Also Negroes, To Be Attached To Said Land, To Be Held In Trust For Use Of Susanna Edwards, Wife Of John Edwards ,Sr. During Her Life And Then For The Use Of Susanna Reeder. Polly Edwards, Nancy Edwards, Gustavus Edwards, And Benjamin Edwards To Be Divided Between Them, And Whereas Said Susanna Edwards Is Dead, And Said Susanna Reeder Intermarried With Thomas Phillips And Polly Edwards With George Brown And Nancy Edwards With William Hutchison, Now Deceased, And Gustavus Erixon Edwards Has Made A Transfer Of His Interest To Said Thomas Phillips, And Said Benjamin Edwards To Amos Edwards, Who Is Deceased, And Is Represented By His Son Monroe Edwards His Administrator, Now The Said Thomas Phillips, George Brown, Nancy Hutchison And Monroe Edwards, As Administrator For His Father, Do Acknowledge They Have Received From The Said Trustees Of Their Said Father, John Edwards, Sr. Said Westwood Farm, Together With The Negroes And Their Increase. Recorded August 14, 1834.

John Edwards, Sr Heirs-Deed- Deed Bk. E. Pg 71--Recorded August 14, 1834.

Thomas Phillips, George Brown And Nancy Hutchison In Consideration Of A Bill Of Sale, Release Their Undivided Interest Unto Benjamin Edwards , In Some Slaves, Being A Part Of The Slaves Conveyed By John Edwards, Sr. To His Trustees For The Use Of Said Children, Etc.

John Edwards From Nancy Hutchison -Deed- Dated Dec 5, 1833--Deed Book 32, Pg 244. Indenture Between Nancy Hutchison , Late Nancy Edwards A Chiild Of John Edwards,Sr. Of County Of Bourbon, State Of Kentucky Of The First Part And John Edwards, Jr. Of Second Part, In Consideration Of The Sum Of $1787.50 Sells To Party Of Second Part All Her Interest In Tract Called Westwood, It Being 1/5 Interest.

Will Of John Edwards, Cape Girardeau County, Mo Will Book B, Page 110-111; 17 Sep 1832; 14 Feb 1834
In The Name Of God Amen!! I John Edwards Senr Of The County Of Cape Girardeau, And The State Of Mesurie, A Citizen Of The United States Of America, Formerly A Member Of The Senate, In Congress; Do Make Ordain And Declair This Instrument Which Is Written With My Own & Subscribed With My Name, To Be My Last Will And Testament; Hereby Revoking All Others; I Imprise All My Just Debts Legally Proved, To Be Paid In The Said State Of Mesury, Out Of Any Property Or Money That I May Own At My Death In Mesurie State And Out Of Any Arrairs Of Pension, That May Be Due Me Together With Any Debts Due Me By Notes In Said State, Or Kentucky. One Note On Philips And Dey Now In My Possession For Two Hundred & Fifty Five Dollars; They Live In Kentucky; Also Notes To Very Consideral Amount, Delivd To Albert Dupe For Collection, In Presense Of Mr George Baker Which Has Never Been Returned, Nor The Proceeds, A Letter Late From Him Informs Me He Shall Collect A Part; All Lands That I May Yet Own Or At My Death In Kentucky I Leave One Fourth To My Daughter Jane Bealle, & One Fourth To My Son Majr John Edwards Junr, And The Other Half To Preciller Johnson And Her Children With Any Moneys Debts Or Property That I May Own After My Mesury Debts Are Paid, To Be Divided Equally Between Her And Her Children Which I Have Adopted As Mine, All Which I Hope My Executors Will Attend To, Who Will Be Hereinafter Mentioned. I Wish Nothing But A Plain Decent Burial, After My Death. Item. I Leave All Or Any Slaves I May Own At My Decease Free From Bondage In Any Part Of The United States, And Do Hereby Immancipate Them Fully And Freely Forever And Their Children After Them; Which I Hope My Executors Will Attend To. Lastly I Constitute My Good Friend George Scrips Executor Of My Last Will And Testament. In Witness Of All And Each Of Things Herein Contained I Have Hereunto Set My Hand And Seal This 17th Day Of September 1832.

Witness Present John Edwards Senr (Seal

Wm. M. Limbaugh

Wm. H. Scripps

P.S. In Case Of The Removal Or The Decease Of My Friend, George Scrips, I Do By These Presents Constitute And Appoint My Friend Benjamin Bacon Another Executor Of My Last Will , To Succeed In That Case As Aforesaid; Witness My Hand And Seal This Day And Year Aforesaid.

John Edwards Senr (Seal)

State Of Missouri, County Of Cape Girardeau, Ss

We, William H. Scripps and William M. Limbaugh , do solemnly swear that John Edwards Senr (now deceased) did on the seventeenth day of September 1833, publish the within and foregoing, as his last will and testament; that he was then of sound and disposing mind and memory, that he subscribed the same, in our presence and that we signed our names as witness to the same, at the request and in the presence of the testator, as also in the presence of each other and that the said testator declared the same to be his last will and testament--

Wm. H. Scripps

Wm. M. Limbaugh

Sworn to and Subscribed before the Clerk of the County Court this the 14 day Of February A.D. 1834

Peter R. Gassett, Clk County Court Peter R. Gassett Clk

Recorded March 3rd 1834 By His Deputy Benjamin Bacon


Before moving to Kentucky, John became known for his pro-slavery beliefs. Also before moving to Kentucky there were business transactions between John Edwards and several of his brothers-in--law. The records of Prince William County, Virginia contain the following:

"Know all men by these presents that I Richard Wroe and Benjamin Wroe of Prince William County have bargained and sold unto John Edwards of Lincoln County (Kentucky), our rights, titles to a negro girl named Roseland, by the last will of our father , to the children return to us with the following executors, William Wroe and Thomas Wroe. We see and convey our rights of the value of 25 pounds received and vest him the said John Edwards, with the power and authority we have to manage and direct the said negro and as our brother, William Wroe, is deceased it is not known whether there is three or four parts to the said negro girl, if only three then said Edwards is to make up our portion over and above half, as witness our hands and seal this 3rd day of December 1783. Richard Wroe and Benjamin Wroe. "

Test. Carty Wells and William Wroe at a Court held for Prince William County this 1st day of March 1784. This Bill of Sale from Richard Wroe and Benjamin Wroe to John Edwards was proved by the Oathes of the Witnesses and ordered to be recorded.

On July 15, 1799, in the Washington District Court of Bourbon County , John Edwards sold to Jesse Williams, "......one molatto woman or girl named Preciller that I purchased of Wm Stamps....."

Just seven days later, on July 22, 1799, Jesse Williams filed a deed of Emancipation in which it is stated:
"....For security payment of forty pounds to me given by my slave girl sometimes known by the name of Preciller Johnson and for divers good causes and considerations hereunto moveing have manumitted emancipated and set free my molatto girl or woman slave ( several unreadable words) twenty-two years (believed to be her age) purchased of Col. John Edwards... For myself my heirs executors and administrators release and forever quit claim to the said slave girl (of all) manner of slavery servitude and service whatsoever together with all the children that may be hereafter born of (her) and they to injoy all rights of free persons agreeable to (the laws) of said State...... ( It is noted that, at that time, an able-bodied 22 year old female slave would normally have been expected to bring many times the amount "Preciller" paid for her freedom.)

Significantly, both of the above transactions were certified and recorded by the court clerk , John Chambers, on the same day, July 23. 1799. It seems quite clear that, as a recognized leader of the pro-slavery faction in Kentucky, Edwards could not simply give Preciller her freedom. He could, however, sell her to Jesse Williams and Jesse could emancipate her, accepting as small a security payment as he wished.

In 1800 after entrusting Westwood and the slaves living there to his wife and children , John began a new chapter of his life.

At one time he owned vast acreage in Kentucky that he had received for his militia time. For some reason he became indebted to his father for several hundred pounds. Hayden had evidently been unsuccessful in getting his money so in his will he stated that the loan had to be repaid or John would be disinherited. It was not.

There followed many suits against Edwards for unpaid bills. Notices appeared in several local papers. John offered for sale numerous pieces of property including Westwood to try to pay his debts.

Between the time of 1800 and 1803 when Hayden died, John sold a great deal of his land. Sometime between the years 1800 and 1804 he filed for bankruptcy. His sons Hayden and John, Jr. Were appointed by the Kentucky courts to oversee the settlement of this procedure.

Kentucky Gazette Newspaper Advertisement, Monday, October 12, 1801 placed by John Edwards, Sr.
"Great bargains will be sold by the subscriber, and in a greater part extensive credits will be given in annual payments,the purchaser giving good bond and security. The following property will sell from this day forward, [to wit:]
Eight valuable buildings, and the lots of ground they are on in Paris. They begin at the main corner street facing the court house, and running parallel with the public ground one hundred feet. The first a large two story frame building in which there is a large well finished store house and counting room, both large fireplaces of brick; the other part well calculated for a tavern six well finished rooms plastered and four large fireplaces; another room, thirty-six feet by twenty and two fire places and within five feet of the back door, a brick lodging room and a kitchen adjoining. The balance of the building of brick two stories high with four houses twenty feet square rented out to different families.convenient to those are two small kitchens. There is a stable and small garden for the use of the large building. I have also nine acres of lots in excellent order for cultivation. Those buildings were first valued by a number of workmen at eight thousand dollars; and several useful additions have been made to them since. I will now give them extremely low, and give them clear of incumbrance.

Another property i have in Mason County one mile and three quarters from Limestone tow valuable ovenshot mills in as high credit for manufacturing flour as any in the state, and are now repairing and almost done, so as to start in compleat order when the season for grinding commences, with the best burr and allegany stones, rolling screens, etc. Those mills in the season for grinding can make forty barrels of flour every day that they are worked and any person inclining to purchase can be informed that the quality of the flour is superior to any that has been boated from Limestone. With those I will sell a valuable negro man, a good miller, the plantation of 140 acres, 100 apple trees, of fruit equal to any in the state, a fine clover and blue grass pasture and meadow, a small dwelling house and farm, with other out houses, cherry and peach orchard, the title indisputable and I will give it clear of all incumbrance. For this property I have in two years paid nine thousand dollars. I have also for sale 700 acres of military land , fourteen miles from Washington, northwest of the Ohio river, with a promising salt lick, supposed to have saltwater, a small trial has been made and some salt made by a Mr. [Sherry?]

I have also two small plantations in Bourbon that I will sell. They are mostly first rate land. I have patents for lands near Montgomery court house of the first quality eight thousand acres the half of which I will sell one third its value; the purchaser may have his choice, patented 17 years ago; entries very special. Also the half of 600 acres of first quality, three miles from Fleming court house; old patents and special entries on the [...?....] Terms.

I have also one thousand acres for sale adjoining lower Mackafee’s tract, level but of inferior quality. For this I will take a good horse at [?] per acre, the title undoubted. I have also for sale about 300 acres on cedar creek of Floyd’s fork, with a never failing spring on it, a part rich land and a part indifferent, within six miles of mann lick. This has excellent range and timber. For this I will take good salt at 100 per acre, if cash 900 per acre. I have also for sale, six hundred acres, patented land on clover lick, eight miles from crab orchard. This I will take 30 per acre for in cash or at 60 in horses. If it will be an accommodation to those who may incline to purchase the mills. I will give in an excellent house woman now living in Lexington. I will also sell a good stock of hogs, cattle, mares and colts, with the mills. I will give such excellent bargains in all or any of the aforesaid property, and any person inclinable to purchase may be well accommodated. The mills will be delivered up the tenth of March next, or sooner required, on a little more advance they shall be given up . Money, good merchandise, negroes, and horses will be taken as installments, as will best suit the purchaser.

Applications to my son John Edwards, Jr. In Bourbon or to Mr. David Brodrick, in Washington or Mr. Enoch Smith, near Montgomery courthouse or James Brown, esq. In Lexington, for information and contracts with respect to the property, or to the subscriber, either in Bourbon or Washington may be made. Any of my creditors choosing to purchase shall have on the lowest terms as I am determined to sell. I will sell 100 barrels of flour all to be delivered before the 15th of March next. And I have also one other plantation for sale near Warwick, 233 acres cleared and the title secure. Any person purchasing the mills I will furnish with wheat at cash price, and will if employed, engate to clear them in the sales of flour this season, 2500 or 3000 dollars.

John Edwards, Sen. 14 September, 1801

Mason County Court Records 421 [Sic] 4 Dec. 1802. John Edwards of Mason County sets his slave, Winne Jason, a mulatto girl, free forever. Clerk William Murphy

Mason County Deed Book A-C, Page 45, Dated April 18, 1803

Between John Edwards, Sr, of Bourbon County, Kentucky, of the first part, and William Lamb of Mason County, Kentucky, Asa Bealle of Mason County, Haden Edwards of Franklin County, and John Fristoe of Mason County, and John Edwards, Jr., of Bourbon County, of the second part, and Davied Davis, Jacob Spears, Damovel Talbot, Daniel Vertner, Haden Edwards, Sr., and John Edwards, Jr., James Hutchison, James Carter,.......?...... Brooks, Charles Spears, William Chessman, George and Edward Thompson, Thomas Hocheley, Samuel and Daniel Tebbs and Simon West, of the third part..........That John Edwards, Sr., For divers and good causes hereunto moving and more particularly in consideration of the sum of 5 shillings....doth by these presents convey to William Lamb, Asa Bealle, Haden Edwards, Jr., John Fristoe and John Edwards....all the land tenements and hereditaments whatsoever situated either in the State of Kentucky or military land in the State of Ohio....they to sell land for debts of John Edwards, Sr., Due the parties of the third part.
It is unclear exactly where John and Priscilla were living during this time.

It is believed that they may have been in the Mason County or Greenup County areas of Kentucky. Priscilla may have worked for other people during this time. She may have had to cross the river into Ohio because many slaves were forced to leave once they were freed.

In any case, the children began to arrive . Joseph, John, Sally, Mary and Jane were all mentioned in Priscilla's 1838 Perry County, Mo., will. In Scioto County, Ohio Priscilla registered herself at the courthouse as a freed mulatto along with three daughters; Nelly, Harriet and Pernealy. A neighbor in Cape Girardeau mentioned by name Lou and Asa.

As early as 1817 Priscilla and John began acquiring property in the Cape Girardeau/Perry County areas of Missouri. Sometimes she was referred to as a 'housekeeper' or 'landlady' of John.

The index of purchasers of the United States land sales office in Missouri shows that Priscilla johnson purchased land at the lexington land office in the term ending december 31, 1826; john edwards purchased land at the same land office in the term of march 15, 1827.

At the Lexington, Missouri land office, Priscilla purchased more land in the term beginning January 1, 1834.

It is unclear where he acquired the funds for them to start purchasing property in Missouri after filing for bankruptcy. It is apparent that at his death he was again solvent.

Both his personal and business affairs for the period of time after 1800 until his death continue to puzzle descendants. It is believed that he maintained contact with some of his legitimate children and that John and Jane traveled to Missouri to settle his estate.

Except for the fact that he left his wife and family, the relationship which certainly appears to have existed between John and Preciller Johnson, was not an especially unusual one. It is the pro-slavery position that John held that surprises one.

Foot Note for the Wroe information: The Wroe and Chancellor Families by William Clarke Wroe, Jr. from The Registered Copy Number 131. Printed March 1993

The rumor that the senator was buried on the family farm is just that, a rumor. It is not known where he is buried.

Notes for Susanna Wroe:

On the 1810 census Susanna is listed as the head of household with an older lady, two males between 16 and 45 and 9 slaves living on the property with her.


Spouses
—————————————————————————————————————————————
1: Susanna WROE
Birth: May 1, 1748 Westmoreland County, Virginia
Death: 1833 Bourbon County, Kentucky Age: 84
Father: Original WROE
Mother: Jane LYNE
Marriage: about 1768 Virginia
Children: Elizabeth (~1769-1824)
Haden (1771-1849)
John Henry (1773-1852)
Benjamin (~1775-1837)
Amos (~1776-1834)
Susannah (~1778-)
Nancy (~1784-)
Gustavus Erixon (~1786-)
George
Polly
Wroe
Jane
Benjamin (1778-~1856)


Sources
1. “Descendants of John Edwards,” Kay Withers--from research that she and a group of Edwards descendants compiled.--REF




(5) Name: Major John Henry EDWARDS Jr.
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Birth: September 19, 1773 Stafford County, Virginia
Death: October 4, 1852 Bourbon County, Kentucky Age: 79
Father: Senator John EDWARDS (1748-1833)
Mother: Susanna WROE (1748-1833)

Misc. Notes
Notes on John Edwards, Jr.: [1]
[Brøderbund Family Archive #312, Ed. 1, Census Index: U.S. Selected Counties, 1800, Date of Import: Oct 13, 1996, Internal Ref. #1.312.1.956.3]
Individual: Edwards, John, Jr.
County/State: Bourbon Co., KY
Year: 1800
Census type code: Tax List

Western Citizen dated October 8, 1852

"Edwards, Maj. John, On Monday evening last, of this county, age 79 years and 11 days. He was one of our oldest and worthy citizens."

Lived in "Westwood" home of John Edwards, Sr., Located on Coopers' Run near Brentsville, Bourbon County, four miles west of Paris. The original home was burned and John Edwards, Jr. Is said to have built the present home on the foundation of his father's home. The house was in the Ardery family for many years.

Will Bourbon County,Ky. Will Book O, Pg 200---To Wife, Elizabeth, 250 Acres to Include the Dwelling House; To Son , George W.; Four Youngest Children Viz; Isabella, Lucius, Sophia and Orregon (Ossian), All Under 21 Years. To three youngest daughters a tract containing 96 to 100 acres known as Martin's Claim conveyed me by Col. James Garrard; Son Lucius; To the children of my first wife to wit; Susan Tull, Polly Noah's Children, Arabella Perrin, Nancy Withers, Margaret Davis and Julia Ann Smiser a tract of 120 Acres which I hold by conveyance from their grandfather, Col. James Garrard; Son, James; Wife , Executrix.

Written June 9, 1848

Probated February 26, 1851

Witnesses: George W. Edwards

Joseph Morin


Spouses
—————————————————————————————————————————————
1: Mary GARRARD
Birth: September 19, 1776 Stafford County, Virginia
Death: about 1818 Bourbon County, Kentucky Age: 41
Father: Governor James GARRARD (1748-1822)
Mother: Elizabeth MOUNTJOY (1751-1832)
Marriage: July 24, 1794 Bourbon County, Kentucky [2]
Children: Susan Waller (1795-1858)
Elizabeth Garrard (1797-)
Arabella (1799-1884)
Mary D. (1800-1843)
James Garrard (1802-1857)
Ann E. (1803-1868)
Ariadne (1804-<1826)
Achilles (1806-1841)
Margaret (1808-)
John Henry (1810-)
Julia A. (1814-)

—————————————————————————————————————————————
2: Elizabeth KELLER
Father: Abraham KELLER (1777-1834)
Mother: Margaret ANDERSON (1784-1866)
Marriage: September 25, 1821
Children: Isabella (~1825-)
Ossian (1827-1869)
George W. (~1831-)
Napoleon (1832-1843)
Lucius (~1836-)
Sophia (~1841-)
Orregon (~1844-)
Singleton (~1826-1842)
Adelphia
Hayden
Iberia
Siberia


Sources
1. Kay Withers, September 26, 1999, kwithers@kih.net.
2. Anne Russell de Cognets, Governor Garrard of Kentucky, His Descendants, Lexington, Kentucky: James M. Byrnes, 1898, 15.
Marriage date: July 6, 1794.




(6) Name: Sanford EDWARDS
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Birth: 1742 Virginia
Death: 1815 South Carolina Age: 73
Father: Hayden EDWARDS (1715-1803)
Mother: Penelope SANFORD (1723-1809)

Misc. Notes
Notes for SANFORD EDWARDS:

Sanford was surgeon general in general Marion's army. Dr. Berwick, one of the ablest and most distinguished of French surgeons, justly said of him. " Had Edwards lived in France, he would have been elected a member of the Royal Academy of Surgery, received from the king the Cross of the Legion of Honor, and obtained from the government a magnificent reward as an Acknowledgment of the services he rendered his country, his profession and His fellow creatures." His professional history is that of the greatest Advance in surgical science of modern times. With a broad and elevated mind, And a heart gentle and tender as that of a woman, he was not afraid of the Sight of blood; preeminently bold, his exceptional skill was aided by an Unfailing nerve. He was no mere money grabber; careless as to pecuniary Rewards, for the poor he had a kindness and a charity that were Inexhaustible." --Edwards Family History By Georgie Edwards

From George Harrison Sanford King:

"He Served as a Corporal, 2nd Troop, Va. Light Dragoons, 1st Regiment, Commanded by Col. Theodoric Bland, Pay Roll, 1777. He is said to have removed to South Carolina Shortly after the Revolutionary War, and to have been a distinguished physician."

July 14, 1791.....Sanford Edwards Of Perquimans County, Nc Made A Power Of Attorney To John Edwards To Convey Certain Lands In Woodford County, Ky....Same Recorded In Bourbon County, Ky Deed Book 'B' , P. 421.




(7) Name: William EDWARDS
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Birth: 1687 Surrey County, Virginia
Death: 1746 Westmoreland County, Virginia Age: 59
Father: William EDWARDS

Misc. Notes
The records of Westmoreland County show that William Edwards bought land there in 1708. [1]

Westmoreland County, Virginia deed and will book no.10, pages 270-273, dated 25 November 1746.

William Edwards' deed of gift to his sons, Haden and Benjamin Edwards.

"To all Christian people to whom these presents shall come, I, William Edwards of the county of Westmoreland in the Dominion and Colony of Virginia, send greetings in the name of our Lord God everlasting. Know ye that I, William Edwards, for and in consideration of the love, good will, and natural affection which I have and do bear unto my well beloved son, Haden Edwards, have given and granted like as by these presents I do freely, clearly and absolutely give and grant to the said Haden Edwards, his heirs, executors and administrators- one negro woman named Nell and her increase forever: also I give and grant to the said Haden Edwards one oval table, also two feather beds with their furniture. Know ye further that I, the said William Edwards, and in consideration of the love, good will, and natural affection which I have and do bear unto my well beloved son, Benjamin Edwards, have granted one negro ( or in lieu of said negro 40 lbs. current money of Virginia) and two feather beds and furniture. Know ye further I do freely, clearly and absolutely give and grant unto said Haden Edwards and Benjamin Edwards the remainder of my goods, chattles, household stuff, goods, wares, ready money, or debts and all other things to me belonging which I may justly claim, do in my own right own, whether alive or dead, being the real estate in whose hands, custody, or possession so ever the same or may now or hereafter be found remaining or being as well in the misusage or tenement whereon I now dwell-to be equally divided between the said Haden Edwards and Benjamin Edwards.....etc."

(Signed) William Edwards

In book 10, pages 271-272, dated 25 Nov. 1746, there is a deed of gift from William Edwards of Washington parish, Westmoreland County, Virginia, to his son Benjamin Edwards, for 100 acres of land whereon said William now lives. In book 13, page 292, dated 20 April 1760 it is stated: Benjamin Edwards of Loudon County, Colony of Virginia, ordinary keeper, conveyed this same above mentioned 100 acres of land to Ann Grigsby.


Spouses
—————————————————————————————————————————————
1: Mary Nicholson HADEN
Birth: Lancaster County, Virginia
Marriage: 1712
Children: Hayden (1715-1803)
Robert (1713-)
John (1716-)
Benjamin (1725-)
Rebecca
Martha
Mary
Jeanette


Sources
1. Kay Withers, September 26, 1999, kwithers@kih.net.